Tuesday, February 20, 2018

10 common English expressions with TIME! 30 Natural sentence examples! (+ Audio!)

10 common English 
expressions with TIME!

Read this post and learn to use these expressions, then 
come back and listen to the audio to hear natural English pronunciation from a native speaker! Me!


You can spend time. (Use time doing something)

  • I spent 3 hours making dinner.
  • I really enjoy spending time at home. 
  • The boss said not to spend anymore time on projects that don’t make money.


You can waste time. (Use time for nothing)

  • I wasted an hour waiting for her.
  • Brian didn’t want to waste time in the morning so he prepared everything he needed before he went to bed.


Time can be a waste. (Time that is used for nothing)

  • It's not worth going. The whole exhibition is a waste of time.
  • We stood in line for 30 minutes and then they closed the restaurant! What a waste. (of time)

"Optimism doesn't wait on facts. It deals with prospects. 
Pessimism is a waste of time."
~Norman Cousins

You can value time. 
(Appreciate [understand] that time is important)

  • I value every minute I get to spend with my family.
  • We should value the time we have when we are young.

"Until you value yourself, you won't value your time. Until you value your time, you will not do anything with it."
~M. Scott Peck

You can run out of time. (Have no time left)

  • I didn't get the project finished as I would've liked. I ran out of time.
  • The movie starts in 20 minutes! We have to leave now, we’re running out of time!

You can spare time.

  • Can you spare me a few minutes?
  • Hurry! There’s no time to spare!


Time can be precious.

  • I travel a lot so the time I spend at home is very precious to me.
  • Time is precious, after it’s gone we can’t get it back.

"Everything matters. Time is precious."
~Jessica Hagedorn

You can afford time. (Have time to use. This is usually used in the negative ~ can’t afford time ~ and with other time expressions. See examples below)

  • We can't afford to spend any more time on this. We have a lot to do today.
  • Final exams are in 3 days. I can’t afford to waste time playing video games.

You can save time.

  • I prepared the old files last night to save time today.
  • If we take a shortcut through the park we’ll save time.

"To save time is to lengthen life."
Anonymous 

You can have plenty of time. (Have a lot of time)

  • Let’s focus on our main job today; we’ll have plenty of time to worry about these other things later.
  • Mom and Dad won’t be home until 9:30, we have plenty of time to wash the dishes.
"I always think that I have plenty of time for everything, and then the reality of it doesn't quite match up."
~Kate Micucci

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Wednesday, February 14, 2018

English vocabulary ~ Winter Weather pt. 2 - Feb. 2018 (over 2 minutes of AUDIO!)



How's your weather?
Readers of my blog come from all over the world. Most live in the northern hemisphere but I know I have readers in Brazil, (and all over South America!) and there are some that are in the northern hemisphere but are closer to the equator so it’s warm year long. (all year)



It doesn’t snow very much in Tokyo, certainly much less than where I’m from in Ontario Canada. 

I wrote a blog post about some weather we had in Tokyo at the end of January and today I’d like to tell you about some winter weather in the news where I’m from. (Canada!)

If you live where winters are cold, you can relate to this and if you live somewhere warm you can appreciate your weather even more!



Learn some new vocabulary and some natural ways to talk about the effects of bad weather.

From Feb. 6 2018, CBC News Canada

Environment Canada has issued a special weather warning calling for up to 10 cm of snow to fall overnight and into Wednesday morning, which could make for a messy (difficult) morning rush hour commute.


In or story commute is a noun.

It is often used as a verb too.


Drivers are being warned the snow could affect road conditions and visibility

Toronto Public Health ended an extreme cold weather alert at 12 noon on Tuesday (Feb. 6) that has been in place for the past two days.

Do you know what an extreme cold weather alert is? In Canada these alerts are used to tell people living in an area that the temperature will be very low for at least 2 hours.

The exact temperature for an extreme cold weather alert is different in different areas. In parts of Southern Ontario the alerts are issued for temperatures of -30 °C but in the Northwest Territories extreme cold weather alerts are not issued unless it’s -50 °C! 


Listen again!

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Tuesday, February 06, 2018

Use the words Over and Under as prefixes! Increase your vocabulary! (Video too!)




I’m sure you have heard the words OVER and UNDER before. In this blog post I’ll show you how they can be used as prefixes to change the meaning of other words you may already know!

*In English when OVER is used as a prefix it can mean EXCESSIVELY or too much  

If your luggage is too heavy when you weigh it at the airport, your bags are overweight
(Overweight is an adjective.)


If you eat too much at a buffet and now your stomach hurts, 
it may be because you overate
(Overate is the past tense of the verb overeat.) 


~ Both these words (overweight - overeat) show that something is too much or was done too much.

Let me give you a few more examples of how we use these words in natural sentences.

"I can't believe my team lost the league championship after we played such a great season. I guess we thought the final would be easy so we were overconfident." = excessively (too) confident

“Some people have actually died from overwork! Remember to keep time in your life for fun too!”

Overwork is a noun in this sentence. It can also be a verb

“Work hard but be careful not to overwork.”

OVER can also mean COMPLETELY or totally
"I was overjoyed when I found out that I won a free vacation!" = completely happy


*In English we use the prefix UNDER to mean 
BELOW or NOT ENOUGH. 

You may already know some common words that use this prefix.

underground

underwater

These words talk about a position or location, they mean below ground and below the surface of the water.

Let me give you a few more examples of how we use UNDER as a prefix where the meaning is NOT ENOUGH



"I'm gonna send this hamburger back. It's undercooked." 
= not cooked enough 
(Undercooked is an adjective.)


"Peter applied for a new job but he was underqualified." 
= Peter doesn't have enough qualifications for this job
(Underqualified is an adjective.)

“I think that Batman vs Superman was a good movie. It's underrated in my opinion.” I think it's not rated high enough. People are unfairly​ judging the movie (in my opinion)



Undercooked, underqualified and underrated are adjectives
Some people who work very hard at their job but feel like they don't get enough money might say:

“I'm overworked and underpaid.”
both of these words are adjectives


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http://808english.blogspot.com/2017/12/learn-to-use-english-adjectives-fact-or.html


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Tuesday, January 23, 2018

Winter weather vocabulary - sleet - With AUDIO! (Jan. 2018)


We had some unusual weather in Tokyo today. I thought I would use this chance to teach some English winter weather vocabulary and a phrasal verb that we often use when we talk about weather forecasts.

All definitions and audio links are from www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com

What's a weather forecast?
Click for audio
A weather forecast is a description, for example on the radio or television, of what the weather will be like tomorrow or for the next few days




The news will be followed by a 5 day weather forecast.



Today in Tokyo we had sleet in the early afternoon that turned into snow at around 4:00.

Click for audio
sleet - noun - a mix of rain and snow




Sleet makes the roads and sidewalks slippery.



Click for audio
slippery - adjective - difficult to hold or to stand or move on, because it is smooth, wet or polished



His hand was slippery with sweat.

Sleet is a mix of rain and snow, but it can't be used a verb like rain and snow.
The weather forecast said that it's going to snow tomorrow. (Verb) OK
It will rain for the next 4 days! (Verb) OK ✔
It is sleeting now. NG X

It can be used as a noun. 

The weather forecast is calling for sleet tomorrow.
The weather forecast is calling for rain tomorrow.
The weather forecast is calling for snow tomorrow.

(These are all nouns)

Do you know the phrasal verb call for?

Call for is often used when we talk about weather, specifically weather forecasts. It means weather experts have a reason to believe that certain weather will happen.


The weather report on Channel 6 news is

calling for rain tomorrow.



All blog post text in italics are in the audio below!



Winter Weather Part 2 is HERE!

More helpful blog links!

English grammar ~ Read and the past participle (Audio for pronunciation practice!)

  • Learn to use this common grammar
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Everyday English - None OF something (Updated for 2018!)

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  • Use this English with confidence!
Blog and video at:


Learn to use the suffix ~ish (Learn the grammar + video!)

  • Increase your English vocabulary
  • Watch the video for listening practice!


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Monday, January 01, 2018

2018 is the year of the DOG - Here are 4 idioms with "dog!"


Happy New Year! 2018 is the Year of the Dog


In honor of the year of the dog let's 
learn 4 English idioms with "dog!"
(These are posts that I collected from my 2013 dog idiom series!)


Let sleeping dogs lie



This expression is used to advise against actions that might cause problems. If things are fine right now, we shouldn’t change them if we think there is a danger that things may become worse.

*The idea is that if a dog is sleeping and we wake him up, he may become angry. It's better to let him sleep.

Jill: “Should I ask the boss if he's upset at my coming in late in the mornings?”


Jane: “If he hasn't said anything about it, just let sleeping dogs lie.” = If the boss didn’t say anything you shouldn’t mention it, there is no need to mention it.

"Sometimes it's best to let sleeping dogs lie."


Work like a dog



This idiom comes from a time when dogs weren’t often pets, but usually had to work very hard to earn their food. This expression means to work very very hard!

“My team at the office had to work like a dog this month to prepare for our year end final report. We are all so tired!”

"It's been a hard month, we worked like dogs!"


You can’t teach an old dog new tricks


This idiom means it is difficult to make someone change the way they do something. Especially  when they have been doing it the same way for a long time. It is much more difficult to teach an old dog than a puppy.

“You want to teach your grandfather to use a computer? He is 84! You can't teach an old dog new tricks, you know.

"You want to teach him how to use a computer? Good luck!"


Barking up the wrong tree


This expression is when someone has the wrong idea and they are wasting their time. Dogs often like to chase cats or other animals that will run up a tree. If the animal escapes the tree but the dog doesn’t realize it, he keeps barking even though the tree is empty. We say he is barking up the wrong tree. His idea is not correct, he is wasting his time.

“He had nothing to do with the robbery - the police are really barking up the wrong tree this time.”



"I think the police are wasting their time with him."

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